E-mail Password Войти

English | Русский
Andrew Krasnozhon

Belgorod Fortress (Akkerman) in Historical Portraits

<< Previous page

Belgorod Fortress (Akkerman) in Historical Portraits

Pages: 475

This publication contains a catalogue (all illustrations are scaled down, with the author's comments) in English and Romanian languages, which makes this monograph accessible to international academic community and easy to work with. Special attention was given to the Romanian language, which was selected due to a high interest of the Romanian colleagues to medieval forification of Belgorod-on-the-Dniester. 

Belgorod-on-the-Dniester Fortress (Odessa Oblast, Ukraine) is 600 years old. Its present design was formed in 1414—1450s. At its different stages, the Fortress was constructed with support from Moldovan rulers Alexander cel Bun, Stephan  II, Alexandrel and Stephan  III, and most likely, also the city community and Sultan Bayazid  II. After the dramatic siege in 1484 and transition of the city under the Ottoman rule, the Fortress underwent comprehensive reconstruction which included almost the whole length of its external defense line. Belgorod-on-the-Dniester Fortress was exposed to frequent reconstruction in its long history, and thus gradually changed its appearance. The last 250 years reflected the character and development of these processes in hundreds of images — pictures, engravings and photos. This iconographic material thus turned into an important source for the history of this fortification complex.

This album contains the largest collection of historical images of Belgorod-on-the-Dniester Fortress, for most of them it is the first publication. Many illustrations are known only to a small group of specialists. All illustrations are supplied with the author’s comments, have continuous numbering and are structured chronologically and thematically.

The volume contains all known watercolors of the Fortress performed by the Russian artist M.M. Ivanov. It is the first publication of their high-quality full-color reproductions. Also exceptional are several maps of the Fortress and Akkerman’s trading quarter dated by 1770—90s. Quite interesting is a series of drawings of the Fortress and Sultan Selim’s hamam made by C. Bossoli in 1838, found in Odessa Museum of Local History and Odessa Oblast Archive. Quite important share of illustrations comes from photo collections made by Iasi University Professor P. Nicorescu and his colleague Gr. Avakian, who studied the Fortress in 1920—1930s. Illustrations found in the National Archive of Romania and Military Museum of Bucharest are also published for the first time. Postcards and photographs made in the period before the Russian revolution cover the chronological period from 1869 to 1915. Soviet-time pictures (1940—1980s) are of big importance, because they were made during large-scale repairs and restoration works in the Fortress. Very  informative are the photos made during archaeological digs in the Citadel and the Civil Court in 1977—1982.

A special feature of this publication is a series of color shots of commemorative embedded plates of 15th century, removed from the Fortress’s walls in 19th century; for a hundred years they were thought to have been lost, yet discovered by the author in 2013. This work is primarily a study into sources and aims to offer for scientific discussion a new, earlier little studied information on Akkerman Fortress and adjacent urban territory from the period preceding large-scale modernization or subsequent reconstructions of this site.

Editor in charge:
V. P. Kirilko,
Candidate of historical sciences, senior researcher, Crimean Branch of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

M. E. Shlapak,
Doctor Habilitat of Arts, Corresponding Fellow of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova
N. D. Russev,
Doctor Habilitat of History, Associate Professor, "High Anthropological School" University, Republic of Moldova


Introduction (in Russian). . . 11
Illustrations and comments . . . 21

Part I. Historical Topography . . . 21
Part II. Citadel and Military Court . . . 85
Part III. Civil Court . . . 207
Part IV. The Trade Court and the western front of the fortress . . . 261
Part V. The dividing wall . . . 315

Conclusions (in Russian) . . . 365
Bibliography . . . 371
Abbreviations . . . 373
Glossary . . . 374
Index . . . 375
Abstract (Russian, Română, Українска) . . . 379
Catalogue (English, Română) . . . 380


Pages 10 — 11. Introduction


Pages 40 — 41. Part I                                                                                                                             Back to Top


Pages 62 — 63. Part I                                                                                                                             Back to Top



Pages 70 — 71. Part I                                                                                                                             Back to Top


Pages 84 — 85. Part I — Part II                                                                                                            Back to Top


Pages 214 — 215. Part III                                                                                                                       Back to Top


Pages 262 — 263. Part IV                                                                                                                         Back to Top


Pages 424 — 425. Catalogue (English, Română)                                                                                        Back to Top



<< Previous page

Shopping Cart
Items: 0
Cart Total: 0,00 €
place your order

print version

student - 0,00 €
individual - 0,00 €
institutional - 0,00 €

More about the book

Sample Pages

Year - 2016
Hardcover, dust jacket

Pages — 475
Format — 225×305 mm

e-ISBN 978-9975-4482-9-1
ISBN 978-9975-4482-8-4