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Stratum plus. Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology

Here you can download:

  Declaration&Submission Form (.doc 112 Kb) to be attached to the submission
 Submission Requirements (.pdf 190 Kb)

Publication Ethics & Malpractice
Author and Publisher Relations
Submission Checklist
Submission Process
Technical Requirements (text, length, illustrations, tables)
Text Formatting (abbreviations, numbers, chronology and dating)
Bibliography and References

Stratum plus.
 Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology (abridged as Stratum plus) is an international peer-reviewed academic journal focusing on topical issues of Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology. We publish results of analytical research and interpretations, as well as new sources in good quality. Besides papers on archaeology and cultural anthropology, we also accept studies in early and medieval history, ethnology, numismatics, epigraphics and other auxiliary historic disciplines.

Stratum plus comes out six times a year in the Russian language, in conformity with the established editorial plan:

Nr. Subject Paper submission deadlines The issues comes out in
Number 1 Palaeolithic. Mesolithic 1 November February
Number 2 Neolithic. Bronze Age 1 December April
Number 3 Iron Age. Ancient Time 1 January June
Number 4 Roman Time. The Migration Period 1 February August
Number 5 Middle Ages 1 March October
Number 6 Numismatics. Epigraphics 1 April December
Any submission received after the deadline can be published in the respective thematic volume in the following year. 
The submission date is the date when the final version of your paper is approved for publication by the editor.
Submissions in other languages that are to be translated and published in the journal in the Russian language shall be negotiated with the editor of the respective volume.

Submission and Peer-Review
While preparing your papers for submission to Stratum plus, please follow these publication rules and ethical principles promoted by the editors: 

Publication Ethics & Publication Malpractice

Stratum plus is strongly against any form of unethical behavior or plagiarism. To prevent any such malpractices is one of our most important responsibilities. Stratum plus Journal accepts and behaves in accordance with the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), which can be accessed free of charge on its website (http://publicationethics.org). We recommend our potential contributors to consult with the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.

Please draw your attention to the following ethical norms promoted by the editorial board:

• Stratum plus does not publish articles about material which is suspected as looted. 
• We accept only original submissions that have not been published elsewhere. The author shall inform the editors if the same paper is being considered for publication elsewhere, or if a different version of the same is in press. As well, the author shall inform the editor where this paper has been already published. You will need to confirm the fact that your submission has not been yet published anywhere when filling in the Declaration&Submission Form.
• The editorial board draws your attention to the fact that any submitted material or publication to be reviewed are strongly confidential. Neither the board, nor the editors, nor the peer-reviewers shall use any unpublished material for personal or any other purposes. You may learn about submission rules, processing and reviewing procedures in the respective sections below. 
• We insistently ask you to inform us about any sources of funding to your research, to avoid any possible conflict (Declaration&Submission Form, p. I.6.).  
• We urge all contributors to observe scholarly ethics in your papers that contain critics to your colleagues. Otherwise, the editors shall reserve the right to reject any such submission or correct its style. 
• While reviewing, the Stratum plus Editorial Advisory Board’s main concern is whether the academic value, clarity of narration and adherence to academic ethics is observed in these submissions. We ensure that all received manuscripts shall be treated without regard to sex, gender, age, race, religion, citizenship, etc. of the author.
Relations between the Author and the Publisher
1. Relations between the author and the publisher of Stratum plus Journal are regulated by these terms, which can be permanently found here: http://www.e-anthropology.com/English/Contribute/default.aspx.
2. By sending the Declaration&Submission Form to Stratum plus the author (including on behalf of co-authors) establishes an agreement of public offer with the publisher by default, implying full and unconditional acceptance of requirements to a publication in our journal, as well as regulates copyright relations between the author and the publisher. Any unspecified terms shall be regulated by additional agreements.
3. As soon as his/her manuscript is accepted for printing, the author shall offer Stratum plus a free non-exclusive license to use the author’s (co-authors)’ research paper (article or monograph) for a duration of copyright provided by the current legislation of the Republic of Moldova, both in print and electronic format, taking into account points (5.1.-5.3, 6-8) specified in the terms of publication. 
4. Stratum plus complies with the Republic of Moldova law on copyright and the respective international conventions. You will be responsible for obtaining all the required permissions to publish any material used in your submission. You will need to confirm existence of such rights to use this material in your publication by filling in the Declaration&Submission Form.
5. The author shall extend the following rights to the publisher for the duration of copyright:
5.1. The right to reproduce his/her academic paper (publication, promotion, duplication, replication or any other form of multiplication of his/her Article/Monograph) in Stratum plus, with the number of printed copies of respective volume limited to 300 pcs, yet without any restrictions as to the duration of its electronic version (in pdf).
5.2. The right to distribute this article or monograph or any part of it (either charged or free) on any carrier across the world, as an individual item and/or within a Journal (print and/or electronic version), and/or in Publisher’s or any other party’s databases, at discretion of the Publisher
5.3. The right to store, process and use metadata (title of publication, last name, name (and patronymic) of the author/s (owner/s), abstract, references, etc.) pertaining to the article/monograph by distributing and promoting it, processing and systematizing it, as well as registering it with different databases and information systems, including the ones of restricted (paid) access.
6. Stratum plus may offer the right to republication to a third party upon your consent. Should you refuse, Stratum plus shall abide by your decision.
7. Use of rights to the article/monograph shall not be limited to any territory.
8. The publisher shall have unilateral right to introduce changes to the terms of publication in the journal.
9. You shall be entitled to freely possess your publications and republish them elsewhere. However, you shall not violate Stratum plus exclusive rights, and therefore shall be required to indicate the place of the first publication of your paper. 
10. Should the article be translated by the publisher from a foreign language into the Russian language, the author shall be entitled to freely use the original article in English or any other language and publish it in any other periodicals, yet only after it first appears in the Russian language in Stratum plus, and provided that he/she indicates the place and language of the first publication thereof.
11. You will not be entitled to place a copy of your publication in e-repositories and personal web-resources. You may only place a summary with compulsory reference (link) to the article on the site of the journal.  
12. You may share an electronic version of your article (.pdf) among your friends and colleagues, but you may not offer it on publicly accessible resources.
13. You will be entitled to a free copy of the volume with your publication and pdf of your article*. Besides, you will benefit of a 30% discount on retail price of the same volume and a 10% discount on retail price of any other volume published in the same year.
Submission Checklist
You should submit your complete paper in a package:
• Declaration&Submission Form is compulsory and is to confirm your consent to the requirements and terms of publication. The Form can be downloaded here or requested by email to [email protected]. The editors shall not accept any submission without this accompanying Form.
• Text in MS Word (a printed copy shall be sent subject to the contributor’s own desire or editors’ demand)
• List of references (see requirements below)
• Illustrations include: drawings, photos, tables/graphs with original files used to build them. 
Submission Process
1. You will be informed that your submission has been received (usually by email).
2. Within three months, the editors will inform you on whether your submission is accepted or not (with due explanations in the latter case, based on reviewers’ assessments), or whether it requires certain improvements.
3. The editors shall reserve the right to reject any submission that does not meet the requirements or the subjects of the journal. 
4. You will receive a proof (in .pdf format) of your paper for endorsement. Please note that only such amendments shall be accepted at this stage, which do not make any major changes to the layout. 
5. Once your submission has been accepted for publication, no further additions or changes are admitted. If you wish to make any further changes, your paper may be postponed until the next volume of the journal is in process.
6. The submission date is the date when the final version of your paper is approved for publication by the editor.
7. In some cases a publication may be postponed due to the overflow of submissions to the respective volume (since 2010, the maximum capacity of any volume is no more than 300 pages).
All submissions are peer-reviewed. We practice double blind peer-review, which implies anonymity of both the reviewers and the author. 
1. There are two types of peer-review:
• internal (submissions are peer-reviewed by members of the Editorial Advisory Board); 
• external (submissions are sent for peer-review by leading experts in the respective academic field). 
2. The Volume Editor shall determine if the submission fits the scope and the subjects of the relevant volume, as well as if it is in accordance with the Journal’s format requirements; then the Volume Editor shall determine the type of peer-review (internal or external) and send the submission for a review by two experts with doctoral degree, whose specialization is closest to the subject matter of the submission. 
3. The term allocated for the peer-review in each individual case shall be determined by the Volume Editor, ensuring the best conditions for an operative publication of the submission. Usually reviews do not take more than one month. Exceptionally, this can take more time, if finding the relevant reviewer is difficult. 
4. A review shall cover the following issues: 
• if the content of the submission corresponds to its title; 
• if the submission meets modern academic standards; 
• if the paper is understandable to the readers in terms of its language, style, arrangement of material, quality and value of tables, diagrams, drawings, etc.; 
• if publication of this paper is feasible taking into consideration earlier publications on this topic; 
• what is the novelty of the research, its strong and weak points, what changes or additions should be made to it; 
• if it meets ethical standards;
• the conclusion regarding the possibility of publication should be given: “recommended”, “recommended for publication with improvements suggested by the reviewer” or “not recommended”.
5. The peer-reviewers are informed that the papers sent to them are a private property of the authors and are confidential. The reviewers are not allowed to make copies of submissions for their own needs. Files in .pdf format sent to reviewers are technically protected: it is not possible to either print out or copy any information from the file. 
6. Review is confidential and secret (double blind peer-review). The peer-reviewer receives a paper without the author´s name on it. If the review is negative, its text shall be sent to the author without the reviewer’s signature, name, position and job place mentioned therein. Confidential information can only be disclosed if the reviewer states that the subjects exposed in the submission are unreliable, fabricated or plagiarized. 
7. Positive reviews are not sufficient for acceptance of a submission for publication. Final decision on whether a submission is feasible for publication shall be made by the Editorial Advisory Board
8. If the peer-reviewer suggests that the submission should be refined, it can be returned to the author. In this case, the date of the submission is the date when the refined text is submitted. 
9. If the peer-reviewers do not recommend a submission for publication, the reviews and the submission shall be discussed by the Editorial Advisory Board. If the submission is rejected, the Editorial Advisory Board shall send a grounded refusal to the author, with the negative reviews attached thereto, either by email or ordinary mail. In some exceptional cases, the Editorial Advisory Board shall reserve the right to accept the submission for publication or send it to other peer-reviewers upon appeal of a member of the Editorial Advisory Board
10. After the Editorial Advisory Board accepts the submission for publication, the Volume Editor shall inform the author thereof and also, if necessary, about the need to revise the paper in view of the recommendations suggested by the peer-reviewers and members of the Editorial Advisory Board.

Technical requirements

• Contributions shall be accepted in *.doc and *.rtf formats. 
• Please, do not use Caps Lock in headlines and highlighted text.

Length of an article/review shall be negotiated with the volume’s editor.

Abstract (and how to write)
An abstract is a source of information on the main content and findings exposed in the publication; it makes reading the full text redundant, should the reader have no primary interest in it; it is used by information systems to search for documents and information. 

An abstract shall be: 
• authentic, comprehensive (reflecting the main content and findings exposed in your paper), well structured;
• concise (600  1500 characters with spaces);
• written in proper English.
Your abstract shall contain the following aspects of your work:
• subject, topic and aim of your paper (these should be mentioned, unless fully exposed in the title of the paper);
• research methods (you should define them if they are a novelty and are interesting in view of your paper);
• findings (main results, your conclusions, genuine discoveries);
• you may supply your conclusions with recommendations, assessments, proposals, hypotheses, as described in your paper).
You should avoid when writing your abstract:
• any phrase that duplicates the title of your paper;
• common wordings, redundant introductory phrases (for instance, the author of the article considers...), complex grammar constructions;
• commonly known arguments;
• information of historiographic nature, unless these make the main content of the paper, titles of earlier published papers.
Keywords (how to write)
Keywords shall disclose the following aspects of your submission: region, chronology, subjects, special terminology.
• Our journal is printed in black-and-white style. This type of print only accepts images in GRAYSCALE. We accept color pictures in RGB COLOR for the digital version of the journal. You may choose the quality of your images while scanning or otherwise preparing your illustrations. 
• Illustrations shall be saved in bit map (raster graphics) format *.tif (uncompressed). This format makes the file size larger and better in quality. Illustrations are accepted in vector format too (*.ai, *.eps, in exceptional cases in *.cdr), as well as on paper in contrast black and white version (photographs shall be high contrast).
• Resolution shall be no less than 300 dpi (to the real image size); yet, if small details are expected to be seen, the resolution must be higher.
While scanning or otherwise preparing your illustrations, please set the following image size in your file settings, with regard to the standard print field in Stratum Plus: 
1 column — 7.23×24.3 cm;
2 columns — 15×24.3 cm.
Please remember that the same field shall also contain the caption. The image on your figure should not merge with the outline. Please leave at least 3—5 mm indents from the margins of the figure.
• Graphs shall be drawn  in MS Excel. Besides, please, supply your MS Excel graphs with the original tables.
• If your drawing contains numbers or a text, please, don’t input them by hand, they must be inserted digitally; the only exception is made for the archive materials.
• The list of illustrations and captions shall be submitted in the Declaration&Submission Form that shall be attached to your submission (see the Submission Checklist). 
• For larger files, please, use a free file exchanger like: http://www.sendspace.com (max. 300Mb) or http://www.wetransfer.com (max. 2 Gb)

Contributions can also be supported by tables.  
• Tables shall be drawn in MS Excel or MS Word:
• Tables shall be numbered and titled.
• If a table contains drawings, these shall be sent apart in a graphic format *.tif or *.jpg. Please, do not insert your illustrations in MS Word / Excel file.

Text Formatting
Your publications will be processed quicker if your submission meets the following requirements. If you have any questions, before  submitting your paper please contact our Technical Department at [email protected]
• All abbreviations should end in a full-stop (.), e.g., fig. (number).
• You may use common abbreviations like etc., e.g. in your text. Should you use some abbreviations specifically for the purposes of this article or for a restricted number of topics, you should provide their full explanation. You should add this information to the list of abbreviations used in your article, which should as well be included in p.I.5 of the Declaration&Submission Form
• Measurements should be abbreviated, follow the number with a space and without a full-stop (e.g. 100 km, 56 m, 10 g).
• Degrees should be written as 24 m².
• Radiocarbon dating shall be written as C.
• In decimal values (either in tables or in text), please use a comma as a separating character, without a space after it. A full-stop or a comma without a space after it are not admissible. 
• Numbers smaller than 9999 shall be written without a separating character (a space separating thousands), any number above 10 000 shall be written with a space. A full-stop or a comma used as a separating character is not admissible (e.g. 3583; 15 679; 2 700 000).
• All values and measurements mentioned in your article shall be written in conformity with the International System of Units (SI). Exception is for quotations from historic texts containing measurements of length, volume and weight. 
Chronology and Dating
• Stratum plus accepts abbreviations BC and AD. 
• Dates shall be written this way: 01.02.2013, rather than 1 February 2013. 
• When you mention chronological intervals, sequences etc., please indicate the lowest and then the upmost date, i.e. 40 000-30 000 years ago instead of 30 000-40 000 years ago, or within 40 000-30 000 years ago, etc.
• Centuries are spelled in Roman figures, while years  in Arabic figures. 
• Acronyms used for climatic stratigraphic scale (oxygen or marine) shall be used in their Latin spelling — OIS (oxygen isotope stages), MIS (marine isotope stages).

Radiocarbon dating (common requirements)
• When you use a non-original dating, you must indicate the source (both in tables and in the text).
• When you use it in the text of your article, you should clearly indicate whether you indicate the age in radiocarbon years or calibrated. The best is to use either standard radiocarbon or calibrated values in the same article. If you use both, then please specify every time which of the values you have used. 
• If you used the dating received through accelerator mass spectrometry, the method used shall be marked in the text (or table) as AMS C.
• You should specify the material tested to produce the age value. For instance, plant detritus, plant macrofossils, gyttja, peat, wood, bone collagen (if possible, indicate the common name of the species), charcoal, hearth fill, organic content of ceramics, carbon, etc. 
Non-calibrated dating
• If you used a non-calibrated radiocarbon age value, please put "years ago"  (i.e. radiocarbon years ago, calculated in relation to 1950, which is equivalent to English BP) or "C years BC" after the dating code. 
• Radiocarbon dates shall be used in conformity with the following standard: [measured age value] ± [standard deviation] (lab code, sample number) [units of time].
• Use of a special sign "±" is mandatory, no other signs shall be acceptable. Sign "±" shall be separated by a space on both sides, i.e. your text shall look like this: [age value] space "±" space [value of deviation].
For instance: …plant macrofossils from horizon 8 have given AMS C 32 070 ± 210'BP* (Beta-309153)…
Calibrated dating
• If you use calibrated values of radiocarbon age, you should write "cal BP" or "cal BC"; the name of the calibrating software (database) used shall be indicated in round brackets after the age value (INTCAL09, CalPal, and so on). 
• If you use calendar values of the radiocarbon age, you should indicate the probabilistic assessment (confidence interval) for the calibrated dating — 1 σ (68%) or 2 σ (95%).
For instance:
... we obtained five AMS C datings for this section... the calendar age of the wood sample from layer 5 is defined with the probabilistic interval of 1 σ (68%) within 36 680—36 500 cal  BP (Beta-309153, INTCAL09).
... we obtained five AMS C datings for this section... the calendar age of the wood sample from layer 5 is defined with the probabilistic interval of 2 σ (95%) within 36 810—36 380 cal  BP (Beta-309153, INTCAL09).
• Special studies dealing with radiocarbon dating of archaeological sites, methodological issues, building chronologies in calendar years, etc. shall specify the datings used in tables. They should specify the original datings in radiocarbon years, values fittnig the calibration curve, both probabilistic intervals (68% and 95%, respectively) and the name of the database used to produce the calibration, alongwith the calibrated values.

Bibliography and references 
We insistently recommend the contributors of articles and monographs to use the following system of references in the text and list of references. 
Contributions failing to follow this recommendation shall be sent back for improvements. 
Type of references Text citation

References format


(Govedarica 2004: 55—56)

Govedarica B. 2004. Zeptertäger-Herrscher der Steppen. Die frühen Ockergräber des älteren Äneolithikums im karpatenbalkanischen Gebiet und im Steppenraum Sudost- und Osteuropas. Mainz: Zabern.


* It can be omitted from the reference in the text, if the cited work is generally dedicated to the given matter.
Book with a volume no. (Ogilby 1939: 25—30)

Ogilby J. 1939. Britannia. Vol. I. An illustration of the kingdom of England and dominion of Wales, by a geographical and historical description of the principal roads. London: A. Duckham.

Collective monograph  (Lysons et. al. 1808: 15, fig. 2)

Lysons et. al. 1808: Lysons D., Lysons S., Neele S. J., Smirke R.; Nash F., all authors. 1808. Magna Britannia: being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain. Vol. II. Part I. London: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies.


* Reference in the text to a collective paper shall contain only the first author's name. If there are just 2 authors, both names shall be indicated.

A chapter in a book written by another author (Dergaciov 2010: 296)

Dergaciov V. 2010. Evolutia comunităţilor patriarhale. Epoca bronzului. In: Dergaciov V. (resp. şi red. şt.). Istoria Moldovei: epoca preistorică şi antică (până în sec. V). Chişinău: Academia de Ştiinte a Moldovei, 265—312.

Monograph in a series with numbered volumes, if it makes a separate volume

(MacIntyre, Clegg 2003)

MacIntyre R. J., Clegg M. T. 2003. Evolutionary Biology. Series Evolutionary Biology 33. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Book in a numbered series

(Henderson 2003: 28—30)

Henderson J. 2003. Glass-making Roman Britain. British archaeological reports. British series 101. Oxford: Archaeopress.

An article in a periodical (Negin 2014: 75—80)

Negin A. E. 2014. Armament of the Roman Army during the Principate: Economic, Technological and Organizational Aspects of Production and Supply. Stratum plus (4), 15—138.

An article in a continued series

(Barköczi 1962: 48)

Barköczi L. 1962. Römischer Paradehelm von Brigetio. Folia Archaeologica 6, 45—48.

An article by two authors with the same surname

(Лысенко, Лысенко 2003: 170)

Лысенко С. Д., Лысенко С. С. 2003. Исследования на могильнике Малополовецкое-3 в 2002 г. Археологічні відкриття в Україні (2001—2002 рр.), 168—179.

Published conference paper (Ivanov 2003: 12)

Ivanov I. I. 2003. Casual Finds of 3rd—2nd Centuries BC from the Leſt Bank of the Dniester River. In: Telnov N. P. (ed.). Antiquities of the Northern Pontic Area from the 3rd—2nd Centuries BC. Materials of the 1st International Scientific Conference of Young Scientisis. 16—19 October. Tiraspol: T. G. Shevchenko Transnistria State University, 15—20.

Collection of papers

(Kuznetsova 2014)

Kuznetsova O. V. 2014. Glazed Ceramics of Saraichik Hillfort. In: Bocharov S., Sitdikov A. (eds.). The Genoese Gazaria and the Golden Horde. Saint Petersburg: Stratum plus, 167—179.

An article in a collection of abstracts (Bespaly 1987: 44)

Bespaly E. I. 1987. Barrows of the First Centuries AD in Azov Region. In: Raev S. B. (ed.). Antique Civilization and Barbaric World on the Don River and Azov Sea Regions. Abstracts. Donetsk: Donetsk State University, 44—45.

An article without the author (Considering… 2008: 32)

Considering… 2006: Considering the past. The Guardian, 10.10.2008, 32.

Paper in print (Belousova, Rybin, in print.) 

Belousova N. E., Rybin E. P. (in print). New Stra tig raphic Division of IUP-EUP Assemblages of the Ka ra-Bom Site (Russian Altai) according to the Results of Spatial Analysis and Refi tting Studies. In: Viola B., Zwyns N., Flas D. (eds.). Paleoanthropology and Late Pleistocene Population Dynamics of Northern Asia. n. d.

Paper in preparation (not yet in print)* (Biscione, Dan, in prep.) Biscione R., Dan R., in prep. Urartian fortifi cations: A general view at their distribution and at their hierarchical levels.

* Italics not applicable.

Unpublished research report (Bikbaev 1987: 25)

Bikbaev V. M. 1987. Report of the Hancăuţi Archaeological Expedition on Studies Conducted on a Multilayer Settlement at Hancăuţi-I in the Field Season of 1986. Archive of the State Historical Museum of Moldova, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova, no. 258. 

Unpublished report at a conference (Fisher 1985)

Fisher A. 1985. Hunting with Flint-Tipped Arrows: Results and Experience from Practical Experiments. The Mesolithic in Europe. Papers presented at the Third international Symposium, Edinburgh 1985.

Edited collection 


Collection catalog

(Mallory 1997)


(Golden Horde… 2005: fig. 13)

Mallory J. P. (ed.). 1997. The British Iron Age. London: Thames@Hudson.

Golden Horde
… 2005: Golden Horde. History and Cul ture. 2005. Exhibition Catalogue. Saint Petersburg: “Slaviia” Publ.

Online publication with no DOI  (Galaty et at. 2009)

Galaty et at. 2009: Galaty M. L., Lee W. E., Watkin son C., Tafilica Z. 2009. Fort, tower, or house? Building a landscape of settlement in the Shala Valley of High Albania. Internet Archaeology 27. Available at: http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue27/galaty_index.html (Accessed 5 March 2010).


* Date of enquiry shall be indicated.

Article with DOI (Amirkhanov et al. 2014)

Amirkhanov et al. 2014: Amirkhanov H. A., Ozherel’ev D. V., Gribchenko Y. N., Sablin M. V., Semenov V. V., Trubikhin V. 2014. Early Humans at the eastern gate of Europe: The discovery and investigation of Oldowan sites in northern Caucasus. Comptes Rendus Palevol 8, 717—725. Doi: 10.1016/j.crpv.2014.06.004.

Reference to a web-site without mentioning the author (Ancient Japan n.d.)

Ancient Japan n.d. Available at: http://antropogenez.ru/single-news/article/9 (Accessed 1.10.2014). 

Reference to dissertation abstract (Ivanov 1984)

Ivanov I. I. 1984. Pagan and Christian Antiquities from Upper Prut and Middle Dniester in the 8th — First Half of 13th Centuries. PhD Thesis. Moscow.

Reference to dissertation (Kozlov 1992)

Kozlov V. I. 1992. Population of the Danube-Dniester Steppes in Late 8th — Early 11th Centuries. (Balkan-Danube Culture). PhD Thesis. Hand-Written Archive of the Institute for the History of Material Culture. Fund 35. Inv. 2-д, dossier 510. Saint Petersburg.

Reference to Classical author Herod. Hist. III, 2


* A specific edition shall be indicated only if it has some relevant features (e.g., it contains diff erent versions of translation).

Editions of Ancient literary sources in the original language  (Liv. XXVI, 47, 2)

Livius Titus. 1926—1943. History: In 13 volumes with an English translation by B. O. Fister. London: Harvard Univ. Press.

(Philon. Bel. IV, 46) 

Philonis mechanicae syntaxis libri quartus et quintus. 1893. Berlin: Typis et impensis G. Reimeri. 

Reference to the Bible (Gen 2:15)


* No specific edition needs to be indicated.

References in languages using Cyrillic alphabet (Kazakh, Mongol, etc.), except Slavic languages (Varfolomeev 2011: 90)

Varfolomeev V. V. 2011. Kent, a Town of the Bronze Age. New Research. In: Baytanaev B. A. (ed.). Мыңжылдықтар куəлары: Қазақстан археология ғылымы 20 жылда (1991—2011): ғылыми мақалалар жинағы = Witnesses of Millennia: Archaeological Science of Kazakhstan over 20 Years (1991—2011). Almaty: Archaeology Institute, 85—96.


* Reference shall have the same style as in Russian. However, you should indicate the Russian translation of the title, and transliteration into Latin alphabet is also recommended, following the rules adopted for the given language. If an article or a collection of papers already contain the original English title, you should indicate it.

Reference (or part of it) in the language using non-European writing (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Indian, etc.)

(Rekishi shūchō 1978) 

A reference without the author's name: 
歷史手張。 1978。 東京﹕ 吉川。

Acceptable styles of reference:
Rekishi shūchō (Vade mecum for History). 1978. Tokyo: Yodogawa Publ. (in Japanese)

(Vade mecum for History 1978)

歷史手張 (Vade mecum for History). 1978. Tokyo: Yodogawa Publ. (in Japanese)

(Chen Zhenyu 1981)

A reference containing the author's name:
陈振裕。 1981。 云梦大 坟头一号汉墓。 文物资料丛刊, №4, 1—28.

In this case, a reference may have the following style:
Chen Zhenyu. 1981. Yunmeng Dafentou yihao Han mu 云梦大 坟头一号汉墓 (Tomb no.1 at Dafentou, Yunmeng). Wenwu Ziliao congkan (A Series of Materials on Cultural Sites) (4), 1—28 (in Chinese).

(Chen Zhenyu 1981) 

Chen Zhenyu. 1981. Tomb no.1 at Dafentou, Yunmeng. A Series of Materials on Cultural Sites (4), 1—28 (in Chinese).

(Nebieridze 1972)

Another example:
Nebieridze L. D. 1972. The Neolithic of Western Transcaucasia = დასავლეთი კავკასიის ნეოლითი.Tbilisi: Metsniereba (in Georgian).


The following shall be indicated:

• the original title (transliteration is mandatory, the source spelling is also acceptable;
• translation (the following elements must be identifiable: the author's name, title of the paper, title of the journal or the collection of papers, publisher, publishing institution, etc.);
• transliteration into Latin alphabet by rules adopted for a specific language (pinyin for Chinese, romaji for Japanese, etc.);
• if a journal or an article are already translated into English, please, provide this translation;
• language of the publication (in Chinese, in Korean, in Georgian, etc.);
• if you wish to translate the original writing of a title, please, submit the font you used for the respective language.

Image-related text

(fig. 13: 3, 4)

Fig. 13. Sub-type A2 buckles from European provinces of the Roman Empire (1—12) and the Northern Black Sea Coast (13—23). 1 — Carrawburgh (after Allason-Jones, McKay 1985: 30, Cat. Nr. 71); 2 — South Shields (after Allason-Jones, Miket 1984: 194, Cat. Nr. 3.619); 3 — Delwijnen (after Nicolay 2005: Pl. 40: 51.18); 4 — Zugmantel (after Oldenstein 1977: Nr. 1003); 5 — Augustodunum (after Labaune 2000: 90, pl. 59: 3.11); 6 — Eining (after Gschwind 2004: Taf. 59: С701); 7 — Carnuntum (after Jilek 2005: 178, Abb. 5: 31); 8 — Iža (after Rajtár 1994: Abb. 8: 8); 9 — Buciumi (after Chirilă et al. 1972: Taf. LXXI: 42).