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Stratum Plus. 2000. № 4

L. V. Vakulenko (Kiev, Ukraine)

Northern Germans in Transcarpathian Ukraine at the End of the Late Roman Period

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Pages: 312-321

The site of the Late Roman period discovered on the territory of Transcarpathian Ukraine  close to the village of Solontsy, was published as a place of sacrifice belonging to the Thracian people. However, existence of the custom of such massive sacrifices in the Late Roman time is not proved by either archaeological or written records. Meanwhile, the burial rite discovered  in Solontsy - burning on burial spot without subsequent covering of  the remains – is known on the synchronous cemeteries of the Dobrodzien type of the Przeworsk culture on the territory of Poland. Among Solontsy finds, gold round pendants are of special interest. One of them was made in the open-work technique, out of a filigree wire. Four other are capsules-pendants, the surface of which is decorated with ornaments of filigree wire and granules. The analogues of these artefacts can be found only on the German sites (fig. 2, 1-17). Two-piece bronze fibula with a long winding of the inverted foot and a wire ring over it (fig. 1, 2), fragments of two beakers with polished ovaloid ornament (fig. 1, 9), fragment of a rectangular, two-sided bone comb (fig. 1, 10) allow to date Solontsy complex from the second half of the IV century - to the early V century. So, the analysis of materials, the structure of the site and ware finds show that it is German cemetery that was discovered in Solontsy. There is no doubt that it evidences ancient German presence on the territory of Ukrainian Transcarpathian at the end of the Late Roman period.

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