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Stratum Plus. 2000. № 4

M. B. Shchukin (St.-Petersburg, Russia)

A Finding at village Zalevki on Dnieper Bank and the Problem of Origin of North-European Filigree Style in I-II cc. AD

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Pages: 215-225

The I-II centuries saw an interesting phenomenon in Scandinavia and north of continental Europe: unexpectedly appearing and equally unexpectedly disappearing articles (pendants, bi-conical beads, necklaces), manufactured by applying complicated, known only by the Classical ancient masters at the time, technique of granulation and filigree. They seem to be articles manufactured by the same or a number of related workshops, which engaged jewellers from North Black Sea Coast or Eastern Mediterranean. A pair of golden necklaces, almost fully reproducing a number of findings from Scandinavia, was found on Middle Dnieper bank at the village Zalevki near a small town called Smena. The scientists paid their attention to this find many times, but so far it has not been published entirely. That is why it has not been known that the find included articles typical of Sarmatians: swords with pommel and pottery. Having studied the chronology of these finds, the author makes a conclusion (fig. 4) that they are dated by middle I c. AD. Various cultural traditions (ancient, Celtic, Sarmatian, German) combined in the articles manufactured in North-European filigree style allow a supposition that development of this jeweller’s school in the northern Europe was somehow connected to the events of 19-50 AD. On the one hand, it is a march of a Gothon Catualda against the king Marobodus in Czechia, with subsequent settlement of the remains of both armies on the Middle Danube. On the other hand, it is a contemporary massive movement of Sarmatian tribes from North Black Sea Coast and Caucasus foot mountains to the west, during which the tribes of Iazygi also reach Middle Danube area.

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