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Stratum plus. 2015. No4

D. A. Kostromichyov (Sevastopol, Crimea)

Openwork Buckles with Pelta-form Loop. Questions of Typology, Chronology and Origin

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Pages: 299-356

The article presents analysis of a group of openwork buckles with pelta-form loop and an openning for fastening in the back. These types of buckles were common in the border zone of the Roman Empire. They were part of military uniforms of Roman soldiers. The other area where these buckles are found is Northen Black Sea coast. The biggest collection from this region comes from Chersonesos. It is the first time this collection is offered for scientific discussion. This article proposes typology of the openwork buckles with pelta-form loop, based on the shape of the back and style of the frame. Emphasized subtypes of these buckles are typical for specific regions: subtypes C1, C2, D1 are typical of the Roman Empire, subtype A1 is typical of the Roman Empire and Northern Black Sea coast, subtype A2 is more common in the Northen Black Sea coast, subtypes B1 and B2 are found only in the Northen Black Sea coast and subtype D2 is associated with Sarmatian sites. The general chronological framework for the existence of the reviewed type of buckles is the second quarter of the 2nd century through the beginning of the 4th century. This type of buckle appear at the same time in the territory of the Empire and on the Northern Black Sea coast. Based on the morphological analysis of buckles of the preceding time, the author suggests that appearance of this type of buckle in the Northern Black Sea coast is the result of synthesis of the local Greek, Scythian-Sarmatian and Roman traditions.

Keywords: Northern Black Sea Coast, Roman Empire, Bosporan Kingdom, buckles, Roman military equipment.

Information about author:

Daniil Kostromichyov
(Sevastopol, Crimea). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Sevastopol State Budgetary Cultural Institution National Preserve of Tauric Chersonese. Drevnyaya St., 1, Sevastopol, 299045, Crimea
E-mail: [email protected]

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