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Stratum plus. 2015. No4

O. V. Sharov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation), M. M. Choref (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation)

To a Question of Dating of tabula ansata with a Name of Julius Callisthenes

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Pages: 357-375

The article studies a unique find for the Northern Black Sea — a gold forehead plate as a tabula ansata from the Crypt of Julius Callisthenes discovered on the northern slope of Mithridates Mount in Kerch in 1894. The plate was found on the head in the male burial, above the wreath, and is likely to be a central part of it. The study consisted of three phases: analysis of the grave goods buried in the crypt in the garden of stone, Abdul-Kerim, the establishment of their chronology; a thorough analysis of the paleographic inscriptions dating text; comparative analysis and synthesis of the results. As a result, these archaeological and paleographic analysis of the inscription on the forehead plate matched and pointed to the only possible date of the complex — second half of the second century AD. Thus, the inscription with a dedication to Julius Callisthenes is synchronous with armaments and horse equipment. This seems to be a burial of a noble warrior, perhaps a strategist in full gear, which is consistent with images of military ammunition on the Bosporan frescos from the Stasovsky Crypt in 1872.
This artifact enables a better knowledge of the social structure of the Bosporus state and trace the organization and function of Thiasus. Paleographic analysis of the inscription makes it possible to develop methods for the study of the Bosporan inscriptions of the Roman time.

Keywords: Bosporus, Kerch, Roman period, Epigraphy, Julius Callisthenes, stone crypt, Gold Headband plate.

Information about author:

Oleg Sharov
(Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb. 18 A, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]

Michael Choref (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Nizhnevartovsk State University. Lenin St., 56, Nizhnevartovsk, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District — Yugra, 628605, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]

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