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VII International Conference in memoriam German Fyodorov-Davydov

S. V. Dyachkov (Kharkov, Ukraine)

“New” Objects on the Topographic Map of the Genoese Fortress Cembalo, 14th—15th Centuries (by materials of the digs in 1999—2013)

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Pages: 275-278

The 1999—2013 excavations allowed revealing the functional purpose of the well-known fortifications of Cembalo and marking a few new objects on the map.
The church in the territory of the Consular Castle used to serve as a burial-vault of its inhabitants. Tower No. 8 protected the entrance to the territory of the castle. On a special ground next to Tower No. 8, there was a big missile machine of Trebuchet type designed to fight enemy ships. Tower No. 6 was located in the port area of the town. A huge cistern for keeping more than 550 cub. m of water was placed on the lower tier of the tower. The upper tier was used as a battle ground for mounting missile machines.
In the 14th century, Tower No. 5 was part of the town fortification system. In the 15th century, Tower No. 5 was equipped with a cistern, and a weapon and armor depot was also placed there.

Keywords: Genoese Gazaria, Cembalo fortress, fortifications, towers, cisterns, trebuchet

Information about author:

Sergey V. Dyachkov.
Candidate of Historical Sciences. V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Address: Svobody Sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
E-mail: [email protected]

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