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Stratum plus. 2017. No6

V. P. Kirilko (Simferopol, Crimea)

Stone Roofs in Medieval Architecture of the Crimea

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Pages: 53-62

Stone roofs over the churches were a typical constructive feature of Armenian cult architecture in medieval Crimea. Its earliest examples date back to the 14th—15th centuries. The archaeological digs yielded some whole and fragmented constructive elements, such as ridge blocks, roof tiles, gutters and water jets; also known are some individual in situ finds of roof debris and graphic representations of lost buildings with stone roofs. The new building technologies, imported from the mainland Armenia and Asia Minor, were organically adapted to the local architectural environment and had a positive impact on it, which is confirmed by existence of monumental buildings belonging to other cultures and confessions from the Crimean Peninsula.

Keywords: Crimea, 14th—15th cent., Surb Nshan, Surb Khach, Surb Stepanos, Bakhchi-Eli, Funa, medieval Armenian architecture, monastery, church, stone tile, drain pipe

Information about author:

Vladimir Kirilko
(Simferopol, Crimea). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology of Crimea of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Academician Vernadsky Ave., 2, Simferopol, 295007, Crimea
E-mail: [email protected]

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