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Stratum plus. 2017. No6

M. K. Khabdulina, G. D. Bilyalova (Astana, Kazakhstan)

Exchange and Transfer of Golden Horde Era Cultural Achievements in the Burial Complex of the Eastern Dasht-i Kypchak




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Pages: 43-52


Thе article discusses the burial of women warriors of the Golden Horde epoche, dated by accompanying inventory and funerary rites of the first half of the 14th century. The burial was discovered in 2002 on the medieval settlement of Bozok, located in Central Kazakhstan, in the upper reaches of the Ishim. Bright burial complex reflects the way of life and the objective world of the epoch, formed as a result of integration, mutual enrichment of various cultural traditions and technological achievements of the Golden Horde time. The composition analysis of the things reconstructs the image of a woman with high social status, engaged both in military and economic activities. It is evidenced by an object, which we defined as a detail of a plowing tool — a medieval ralo (a type of ard). Careful fixing of headdress pieces, jewelry, fabric remnants, allowed to reconstruct a ceremonial headdress, adapted to the conditions of military life.


Keywords: Central Kazakhstan, Dasht-i Kipchak, Bozok hillfort, Golden Horde burial, exchange, transfer, pearl, bogtag, silver bracelet, lion’s masks


Information about authors:

Maral Khabdulina
(Astana, Kazakhstan). Candidate of Historical Sciences. L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Satpaev St., 2, Astana, 010008, Kazakhstan
E-mail: [email protected]
Gulzat Bilyalova (Astana, Kazakhstan). Doctorant PhD of archaeology and ethnology. L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Satpaev St., 2, Astana, 010008, Kazakhstan
E-mail: [email protected]

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