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Stratum plus. 2003-2004. №6

A. P. Gorbunenko (Kishinev, Moldova)

Changeability of Ethnic Stereotypes (by the Example of Bulgarian Diaspora of Moldova)

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Pages: 581-593

The article is devoted to the problems of ethnicity, Diaspora, ethnic stereotype, method of their studying and ways of changeability. The author carried out the research to reveal ethnic stereotypes of the Diaspora’s representatives, which was described and analysed.  The method of “personal constructs” created by G. A. Kelly was used. It has been modified; the role list has been replaced with the list of real people.
This article summarized data of three years research, carried out among representatives of the archaic and the dynamic parts of Bulgarian Diaspora.
The research showed that the semantic space of the individual consists of bipolar constructs of positive and negative modality. Here the ethnic stereotypes are built and we may speak about their general positive trend toward ethnics of joint residing and “mother” ethnos.
The revealed stereotypes can’t be divided into self- and hetero-stereotypes. The author carried out that the list of general constructs is similar for all stereotyped ethnics. The difference consists in intensity of each stereotype and its share in the general intensity. The research also showed that the self-consciousness of the archaic culture representatives  is characterized not only by ethnic division into “ones (own)” and “anothers”, but also by the division  into categories “ethnos”, “village”, Bessarabia. Representatives of the dynamic part of the Diaspora didn’t show the same division.
The author assumed that there is a direct relation between the stereotype’s intensity and ethnic break. The more constructs intensity of ethnic stereotypes the less social distance between representatives of this ethnos and “one’s own image” in a dyad “ones and anothers”.
The research confirmed the Bulgarian Diaspora of Moldova is going through the period of immobilization. Situation of interethnic cooperation is stable and tolerant. The ways and causes of the stereotypes changeability are briefly reviewed in concluding remarks.



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