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Stratum plus. 2017. No5

E. R. Mikhaylova (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)

On the Dissemination of the Pewter Ornaments in the Forest Zone of Eastern Europe in the Middle — the Second Half of the 1 Thousand AD

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Pages: 87-97

Ornaments of tin and its alloys are present in antiquities of the forest belt of Eastern Europe from the first centuries AD; they often represent cheap imitations of the more expensive metal objects and reproduce them in form. In the middle and the second half of the 1st millennium AD miniature cast pewter geometric appliqués, often with ribbed edge, were widely distributed in forest and forest-steppe zone. According to the author, the spread of this group of pewter geometric appliqués was caused by imitation (perhaps indirect) of rich “princely” clothing of the Hunnic period, embroidered with small plaques of thin gold plates. Echoes of ideas about the status clothes penetrate from the far south into the forest zone and trigger here the production of similar low-cost appliqués, based on the traditional technology. A possible intermediary between the “princely” gold and cheap tin could be silver ornaments of the same types, but they have yet to be identified.

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Early Middle Ages, Hunnic period, appliqués, plaques, tin, lead-tin alloy (pewter), casting moulds, influence, imitation

Information about author:

Elena Mikhailova
(Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Saint Petersburg State University. Universitetskaya Emb., 7/9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]

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