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Stratum plus. 2019. No4

E. Ju. Mednikova, O. V. Sharov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Technological Features of Mortar Obtained in the Study of Wine-making Complexes of Ilyich-1 Settlement in Temryuk District of Krasnodar Krai

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Pages: 343-358

This work is devoted to the study of mortars obtained in the study of wine-making complexes in the western part of Ilyich-1 settlement (“Bereg-IV” excavation area) in 2015—2016, using the poly-polarization method. The Ilyich-1 settlement is located around the Ilyich hillfort on Taman, on the northeastern edge of the Ilyich village, 2 km north-east from the beginning of the Chushka Spit. All three wine-making complexes are dated by a narrow chronological period (mid-1st century BC — 1st half of 1st century AD). The wine-growing complexes discovered at the ancient settlement give new data on the building solutions used in the construction of ancient wineries in the 1st century BC — 1st century AD. Based on the analysis performed, we can be sure that fragments of shells were added to the cementing mortar along with the remains of mollusks and served as both a source of organic matter and centers for additional crystallization of mortars. Vegetable fibers were used to improve the plasticity of the mortar.

Keywords: Taman, Roman time, manor, mortar, winery, opus signinum, amphorae, red-glazed dishes

Information about authors:

Elena Mednikova
(Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Chemistry. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Oleg Sharov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitry Ulyanov St., 19, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]

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