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Stratum plus. 1999. № 1

Vasiliev S. A. (St.-Petersburg, Russia)

The final Palaeolithic of Denmark

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Pages: 52-71

The change of the environment in the late Pleistocene opened the possibility for the penetration of a person on the territory of modern Denmark already in the second half of Bölling (about 12,5 thousand years). At the first the monuments of the Gamburg culture (Iels I and II, Slotseng-C, Solbjerg II and III), the bearers of which specialized in the bag of reindeer are widely spread. The most characteristic attributes of this culture are represented by tanged points and punches of the Zinken type. The Lamburg culture in Allerřd is changed by the monuments of the Federmesser type ( Slotseng b ande ), left by the hunters on elk. The given culture is characterized by the flint inventory with scrapers of the Veilen type and punches with backed points. On the following stage, by the end of Allerřd, the Bromme culture (Astrup Moze, Levenholm, Bro and others) spreads over. In many of its stratificated monuments there are found tanged points, with retouched machining of the distal point, scrapers on flakes and blades, various burins. To the last period of the Paleolithic of Denmark can be referred the Ahrensburgian culture (Solbjerg I), comparable with the Upper Dryas. The return to a specialized bag on reindeer is seen. In the flint inventory tanged points of the Ahrensburgian type with a distal end truncated by retouching, points of the Tsonhofen type, retouched blades-knives are present. All known sites are referred to the places of a short-term activity of an ancient man. They were supposed to be connected with the base-camps, situated along the connected with the base-camps, situated along the river valleys innondated at present. The sites are characterized by a relatively simple structure with the concentration of remnants around the hearths. The functional specialization of monuments is clearly revealed and their location has been repeated in the course of millenniums and on and the same places were being assimilated by the bearers of different cultural traditions.

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Vasiliev Serghei (St.-Petersburg, Russia). Doctor of historical sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences

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