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Stratum plus. 2021. No2

S. V. Shnaider, S. V. Zhilich, A. Yu. Fedorchenko, W. Rendu, E. V. Parkhomchuk, S. Alisher kyzy, V. V. Olenchenko, L. V. Tsibizov (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), N. V. Serdyuk, N. V. Zelenkov (Moscow, Russian Federation), T. Chargynov (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), A. I. Krivoshapkin (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)

Surungur — New Early Holocene Archaeological Site in Fergana Valley




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Pages: 319-337


The article presents the first results of a comprehensive study of the new archaeological site Surungur in the Fergana Valley. Interdisciplinary research was conducted in 2018—2019 by an international Russian-Kyrgyz expedition. The direct archeological work at the site was preceded by geophysical surveys, which helped to identify the most promising areas for future research. The archaeological excavations made it possible to identify a series of fire places, to obtain a representative archaeological collection of paleofaunal material, lithic industry and bone tools. The stone industry is represented by blade knapping, among bone awls, point and elongated bead. Archaeological research indicates that Ovis, unidentified ovicaprin and cervid bones predominate in the Early Holocene sediments. Pollen analysis and analysis of small mammals allowed reconstruction of the paleo-environment at different stages of Early Holocene.
The data obtained indicate that the Surungur site has been continuously inhabited since the Early Holocene. New data indicate that the materials of the lower cultural horizons of the site under study fit organically into the context of the known Neolithic cultures of the mountain part of Central Asia and find more analogies with the Hissar culture.


Keywords: Fergana valley, stone age, multidisciplinary approach, Early Holocene, lithic industry, bone tools


Information about authors:

Svetlana Shnaider
(Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]l.com
Snezhana Zhylich (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Alexander Fedorchenko (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
William Rendu (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). PhD. ArchaeoZOOlogy in Siberia and Central Asia — ZooSCAn, CNRS — IAET SB RAS International Research Laboratory, IRL 2013, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

E-mail: [email protected]
Ekaterina Parkhomchuk (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Chemistry. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Saltanat Alisher kyzy (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Vladimir Olenchenko (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Geology and Mineralogy. The Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPGG SB RAS). Akad. Koptyug Ave., 3, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation; Novosibirsk State University. Pirogova St., 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Leonid Tsibizov (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Candidate of Technical Sciences. The Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPGG SB RAS). Akad. Koptyug Ave., 3, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation; Novosibirsk State University. Pirogova St., 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Natalia Serdyuk (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Biological Sciences. Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Profsoyuznaya St., 123, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Nikita Zelenkov (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Biological Sciences. Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Profsoyuznaya St., 123, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Temirlan Chargynov (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Kyrgyz National University named after Jusup Balasagyn. Frunze St., 547, Bishkek, 720033, Kyrgyzstan
E-mail: [email protected]
Andrey Krivoshapkin (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation). Doctor of Historical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Akademik Lavrentiev Ave., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation; Novosibirsk State University. Pirogova St., 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]

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