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Stratum plus. 2020. No6

V. S. Sinika (Tiraspol, Moldova), M. V. Ivashchenko (Saratov, Russian Federation), S. D. Lysenko (Kiev, Ukraine)

The Case of Synchronization of the Heraclea and Sinope Stamped Amphorae in a Scythian Grave of the 4th century BC from the the Lower Dniester

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Pages: 191-202

A set of amphorae, including stamped ones, was discovered in 2018 during the study of the barrow 16 of the “Sluiceway” (“Vodovod”) group near the Glinoe village on the left bank of the Lower Dniester. It comes for sure from one burial. These are fragments of no less than 12 amphorae: six Sinope amphorae, two Heraclea Pontika amphorae, one Ikos amphora, and three vessels from an unidentified production center. Six stamps were found on fragments of the five amphorae. One of them is Heraclean, imprinted on the throat of the vessel. This stamp is a new combination of the names of the manufacturer Ἀστéας and the magistrat Σπίνθαρος. The other five stamps were put on the handles of Sinope amphorae. Four stamps belong to two well-known astynomoi: Ἀρίστων (1 stamp), and Μενάλκης (3 stamps) with the emblem “eagle on a dolphin”. Thus, Scythian graves 1 (the main burial for the second mound in the tomb) and 11 (accompanying grave of a dependent person) of barrow 16 of the “Sluiceway” group near the Glinoe village was made at the very beginning of the 340s. BC. The data obtained are important not only for the study of the Scythian archaeological culture of the North-West Black Sea region, but also for clarifying the stamping schemes for centers that exported wine to the North Black Sea region.

Keywords: left bank of the Lower Dniester, the beginning of the second half ot the 4th century BC, Scythians, barrow, grave, Greek amphorae, Heraclea Pontica, Sinope, Ikos, stamps

Information about authors:

Vitalij Sinika (Tiraspol, Moldova). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Pridnestrovian State University named after T. G. Shevchenko. 25 Oktiabria St., 128, Tiraspol, MD-3300, Moldova
E-mail: [email protected]
Mikhail Ivashchenko (Saratov, Russian Federation). Saratov National Research State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky. Astrakhanskaya St., 83, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation
E-mail: [email protected]
Sergey Lysenko (Kiev, Ukraine). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Geroev Stalingrada Ave., 12, Kiev, 04210, Ukraine
E-mail: [email protected]

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