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Stratum plus. 1999. № 1

Lisitsyn N. F.

About the European-Siberian contacts in the late Palaeolithic

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Pages: 121-125

The specific features of the Siberian Palaeolithic are: working of big tools of the Mousterian type and micro articles at the sites. The settling of Siberia was connected with the migration from south from the Central Asia. The hypothesis of settling of the north Asia from west was advanced by A.P.Okladnikov. He considered the European materials of the sites Malta and Bureti in the West Siberia close to each other. The emigrants from Russian plane brought with themselves the techniques of working of tools of the «European appareance» on the plates. The finds of the sites with lamellar inventory of small size in the valley of Enisei (Tarachiha, the mountain of Afanasiev, Shlenka), West Siberia (Achinskaya, Tomsk site), in Ural (the site of Talitsky) allow to talk about the European–Siberian contacts 20-18 thousands years ago. The sources of formation of this «Gravettian» inventory have to be searched in the Malta-Buret culture. In the valley of Enisei there were found even more ancient sites with the Aurignacian set of inventory. The articles of the site of Sabaniha (23 thousand years ago) find complete analogues in the collection of Kostenki -14 (second layer) in the Russian plain. On the basis of facts the site of Little Sia is close to the site of Sabaniha. The classical Siberian Palaedithic grows from the Mousterian of North Asia. The appearance in Siberia lamellar technics should be connected with the European influence. Time of appearance – about 25 thousands years ago.


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