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Stratum plus. 2018. №2

N. S. Kotova (Kiev, Ukraine), P. Stadler (Vienna, Austria)

Sites in Brunn-am-Gebirge and the Problem of the Hierarchy of the Oldest Linear Pottery Culture Settlements

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Pages: 109-117

The collection of the settlements of the Linear Pottery Culture (5670—5050 calBC) in Brunn-am-Gerbirge on the outskirts of Vienna (Austria) includes categories of finds that are not usual for this culture (figurines, musical instruments, amulets, numerous amphorae). They allow us an interpretation of Brunn as a central settlement, which existed during some phases of the Pre-Note period of the Linear Pottery Culture, where residents of peripheral settlements gathered for religious ceremonies. The most ancient site of this group was Brunn 2, which is almost completely excavated. Its materials show that all the unique finds are concentrated in a few houses, which can be considered as houses of the leader of the community, who also performed cult functions.

Keywords: Central Europe, Neolithic, Linear Pottery Culture, settlement, social structure

Information about authors:

Nadezhda Kotova
 (Kiev, Ukraine). Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Geroev Stalingrada Ave., 12, Kiev, 04210, Ukraine
E-mail: [email protected]
Peter Stadler (Vienna, Austria). Doctor. Museum of Natural History. Burgring, 7, Vienna, 1010, Austria
E-mail: [email protected]

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