English | Русский

материалы международной конференции

L. Bejenaru (Yassi, Romania), L. Bacumenco-Pîrnău (Kishinev, Moldova)

Animals for Food in the Golden Horde City of Old Orhei (Republic of Moldova): Topography and Archaeozoological Data

Доступ к статье (PDF файл) Бесплатно!

<< Вернуться обратно

Pages: 259-262

The archaeological level of the Golden Horde period is analyzed, and this assemblage is compared to the level of the 15th—17th centuries in order to account for a diachronical variability of food resources of animal origin on the Old Orhei site. The study of medieval Old Orhei is mainly focused on the diversity of food resources as reflected by the archaeozoological analysis. Previous archaeozoological studies on the medieval period in Old Orhei discussed aspects related to animal species identified on the site and the proportion of wild and domestic species. The consumers of animal products especially differed by their ethnic belonging. Thus, in the period of Mongol (the Golden Horde) occupation, the main domestic species used in alimentation were the sheep/goat (Ovis aries/Capra hircus), the cattle (Bos taurus) and the horse (Equus caballus), while later — after Mongol retreat, the livestock of the local economy was mainly represented by the cattle (Bos taurus) and the pig (Sus domesticus). The hunting records a very low rate (0.24% NISP) during the Golden Horde period; the low occurrence frequency of wild animals’ remains in this cultural level is quite surprising, since the documents of the time contain information emphasizing that the Mongols used to greatly rely on hunting, which was practiced for different purposes: to compensate a food shortage, to secure furs and hides, to keep fit for future battles, etc.

Keywords: Golden Horde, Old Orhei, food, archaeozoological data, topography

Information about authors:

Luminiţa Bejenaru.
Doctor of Biological Sciences. Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi. Address: Bulevardul Carol I 11, Iaşi 700506, Romania
E-mail: [email protected]
Ludmila V. Bacumenco-Pîrnău. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova. Address: Bd. Ştefan cel Mare 1, Chişinău MD 2001, Republic of Moldova
E-mail: [email protected]

Количество: 0
Сумма: 0,00 €
оформить заказ

электронной версии в формате pdf

для студентов - 0,00 €
для частных лиц - 0,00 €
для учреждений - 0,00 €